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Harvesting

Peat products - Harvesting Methods

Block peat

During the block peat harvest, the peat is excavated or freshly cut into blocks (sods) and then left in the fields to dry. The blocks need a drying time of at least one year in order to reduce the moisture content from 90 % to about 50 - 60 %. Once the desired moisture content is reached, the blocks are then brought to the factory where they are crushed and sieved into various ractions. This harvesting method enables high-quality structures to be obtained.


Plowed Peat

With this harvesting technique, the surface of the harvested fields is fractionated using special toothed, disc or star harrows in order to harvest as many coarse pieces of peat as possible. The harvesting process is similar to harvesting milled peat.


Milled peat

When the milled peat harvest takes place in the summer months, the top 1 - 2 cm layer of peat is milled and then dried by repeatedly turning it using spoon harrows. Vacuum harvesters collect the dried milled peat and transport it to large stockpiles. Depending on the weather, 20 - 40 harvests can be expected per season.


Black Peat

The extraction of black peat differs from harvesting white peat in that the peat only gains its good qualities by the sustained effects of frost (frost exposure). A good black peat is characterized by the improvement of the capillary structure, and with it the high water and air capacity.

Peat products - Harvesting Methods
Peat products - Harvesting Methods